Goat Milk Side Effects + Benefits

By Adriane Marie •  Updated: 08/03/22 •  9 min read
goat milk benefits and side effects


Goat milk health side effects may include:

Goat milk health benefits may include:

Additionally, goat milk is…

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08/19/2022 03:46 pm GMT


Water footprint: likely low, it takes 1,020 liters of water to produce 1 kilogram of cow’s milk / 122 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of cow’s milk

Carbon footprint: likely low, it takes 1.02 kg CO2e to produce 1 kilogram or 2.2 pounds of whole raw milk, a car driving equivalent of 2.5 miles or 4 kilometers

Destruction: high, milk production is relatively destructive, lots of land usage for pasture, grain and forage, solid waste (excrement/manure) runoff into soil and freshwater, deforestation for feed crops, animal agriculture leading cause of: species extinction, ocean dead zones, water pollution and habitat destruction, responsible for up to 91% of Amazon destruction

Goat milk is…


Kills: none, goat milk production does not require any goats to be killed

Harms: goats, goat milk production does require goats to be used and mother goat to be separated from baby goat -in most cases indefinitely- in order to obtain milk

Indirectly kills or harms: wildlife and ecosystems

Goat milk is…


Health and safety: varies, overall, agriculture continues to be one of the most dangerous industries, farmworkers may be subject to dehydration, heat stroke, unprotected exposure to harmful, toxic chemicals and pesticides, unsafe machinery and clean drinking water may not always accessible

Living conditions: varies, laborers are often exploited, they may face tough working conditions including long hours in the sun and heat performing physically exhausting tasks, labor laws and rights may or may not be in place, even if worker protection exists, employer violations may go unreported, refugees and migrant workers are especially vulnerable to abuse and mistreatment, fearing consequences of job loss or deportation

Wages: varies, generally farmworkers earn meager wages, there are many cases of underpaid agricultural workers, wage theft and no overtime payment or benefits

Goat milk has…

Where does most goat milk come from?

The world’s top goat milk producing country is India, followed by Bangladesh and Sudan.

The world’s top goat milk exporting country is Germany, followed by UK, Czechia, Austria, Poland, New Zealand, Latvia, Denmark, Luxembourg and USA.

goat milk is acidic.

acidic foods and alkaline diet benefits that improve ph levels

Is goat milk alkaline or acidic?

Goat milk is acidic.

What is the pH level of goat milk?

Goat milk has a 6.5 pH level, once digested.

When you eat food, it breaks down to an ash residue that can be neutral, acidic or alkaline. Minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc, silver, copper and iron produce an alkaline ash; whereas sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine and iodine, which are in meat, coffee, dairy and alcohol, leave an acid ash.

Going alkaline easier than ever with this: Acidic and Alkaline Foods List

goat milk is gluten free.

glutinous foods have side effects but a gluten free diet can help

Is goat milk gluten free?

Yes, goat milk is gluten free. Goat milk does not contain gluten.

While celiac disease may not be as rampant as many marketing trends lead us to believe, you may have a gluten sensitivity…

Celiac and gluten sensitivity symptoms are similar and may include:

There are hundreds of potential symptoms, many of which are also symptoms of other conditions.

Going gluten free easier than ever with this: Gluten and Gluten Free Foods List

goat milk is a common food allergen: milk.

side effects of common food allergens like milk, wheat, soy, fish, tree nuts, peanuts, eggs and crustaceans

Is goat milk a common food allergen?

Yes, goat milk is a common food allergen: milk. Many people experience allergic reactions to goat milk.

A group of the eight major allergenic foods, AKA the Big-8, include:

These foods account for about 90% of all food allergies in the United States.

Severe food allergies can be life threatening. Following ingestion of a food allergen, a person with food allergies can experience a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. 

Persons may still be allergic to and have serious reactions to foods other than the eight foods identified by the law.

Be aware of common dietary restrictions and food allergens with this: The Big 8 Most Common Food Allergens List

goat milk is a high-fodmap food.

fodmap friendly food

Is goat milk FODMAP friendly?

No. Goat milk is a high-FODMAP food so you should limit or eliminate it while on a low-FODMAP diet. 

A low FODMAP diet may help those with bloating, gas, constipation, diarrhea, stomach pain, and IBS (irritable bowel syndrome).

It’s all about knowing your body. Observe what works and what doesn’t. You body might even react negatively to a low-FODMAP food simply due to intolerance. Everyone is different! Be mindful and patient. Take time to get to know what’s best for your physical health and overall wellbeing.

See this High-FODMAP and Low-FODMAP List of Food

goat milk likely has a low water footprint.

water footprints of food and products

Does goat milk have a high or low water footprint?

Goat milk likely has a low water footprint.

What is the water footprint of goat’s milk?

Likely similar to cow’s milk, as they are both ruminant animals and it takes 1,020 liters of water to produce 1 kilogram of cow’s milk / 122 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of cow’s milk.

Did you know that water is a finite, non-renewable resource?

How much water does it take to produce an apple? A serving of rice? A steak dinner?

We need to be aware of “water footprints”. That is, the amount of fresh water utilized in the production or supply of goods we consume. As it turns out it takes significantly more water to yield foods that come from animals than foods that come from plants. Imagine how much water a cow needs to consume to generate a piece of beef. Not only how much water a single cow drinks, rather all the water that went into producing the crops that the cow ate.

Find out how much water your food consumes with this: Water Footprints of Foods and Ingredients List

goat milk likely has a low carbon footprint.

carbon footprints of food and food emissions

Does goat milk have a high or low carbon footprint?

Goat milk likely has a low carbon footprint.

What is the carbon footprint of goat’s milk?

It takes 1.02 kg CO2e to produce 1 kilogram or 2.2 pounds of whole raw milk, a car driving equivalent of 2.5 miles or 4 kilometers.

Food not only has a water footprint but also a carbon footprint, known as CO2e, which stands for carbon dioxide equivalent. Since carbon measurements are a bit more difficult to comprehend, it is common to equate CO2e to the distance which a car drives in miles or kilometers.

When calculating carbon emissions, some factors may include…

It’s best to keep the following in mind when grocery shopping:

Find out how much carbon your food emits with this: Carbon Footprints of Foods and Ingredients List

goat milk is unsustainable.

sustainable shopping, for eco friendly brands and products good for the environment

Overall, is goat milk eco friendly? Is goat milk sustainable?

Goat milk production is unsustainable.

A 2018 Oxford University study – which is the most comprehensive analysis to date of the damage farming does to the planet – found that ‘avoiding meat and dairy is the single biggest way to reduce your impact on Earth’ as animal farming provides just 18% of calories but takes up 83% of our farmland.

Consuming animal products and byproducts is not environmentally friendly and is one of the worst things for the Earth. Not only is meat production wasteful, it causes enormous amounts of pollution. The industry is one of the biggest causes of climate change.

goat milk is not vegan.

Is goat milk vegan?

No, goat milk is not vegan. Goat milk is an animal byproduct and a mother goat’s milk must be used.

Animals of factory farming are suffering. They live in horrific conditions that often include confinement, physical abuse and unnatural environments…so much so that they need to receive antibiotics to keep from getting ill or spreading disease. Growth hormones allow all kinds of animals to become fatter faster and live short lives.

Because we cannot see for ourselves how these animals live and what they endure does not mean it isn’t happening. The meat, poultry and dairy industries do everything they can to distance us from knowing how our food comes to be in order to keep us in the dark about what we support each time we buy animal derived products and byproducts.

Go vegan for animals!

It’s the best way to help animals and it’s not as difficult as you may think. Speak for animals with your actions, for they cannot speak at all.

Going vegan is easier than ever, at a glance with this: Vegan and Non Vegan Foods List

goat milk has labor issues and human rights concerns.

benefits of buying fair trade, labor rights, human rights and workers rights issues

Is goat milk a product with laborer concerns?

Yes. At this time there are concerns with livestock farming.

It’s important to stay aware of human rights concerns and worker exploitation that may come with specific brands.

Did you know the single largest employer in the world is agriculture? The labor involved behind each and every product cannot go unrecognized. 

Some known problems include workplace health and safety, child labor, gender inequality, inadequate pay, wage theft and exploitation. Workers can even experience harassment, humiliation and violence and unfair employers often fail to provide laborers with access to shade, drinking water, restrooms and breaks. Consequently, laborers can face nausea, dizziness, heat exhaustion, dehydration and heat stroke -the leading cause of farmworker death! 

Such mistreatment is like modern day slavery. Workers are often afraid to report issues because they fear it will result in losing their jobs or deportation. 

Fair trade organizations fight to ensure better social, environmental and economic standards. 

We can improve people’s lives with foods we eat every day simply by buying products that are certified fair trade. 


goat milk – FoodData Central – USDA

U.S. Dairy Goat Operations – USDA APHIS

PETA 12 reasons to stay away from goats milk

Adriane Marie

Grocery Guru, Material Maven, Conscious Consumer Connoisseur. I organize ethical info for us to comprehensively see how purchases impact people, animals and the planet. I hope you find HEALabel helpful! Use it for personal and global improvement and empowerment.

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