Peanut Benefits + Side Effects

By Adriane Marie •  Updated: 08/03/22 •  11 min read
peanut benefits and side effects

Want to see peanut benefits and side effects every ethical consumer must know? Here are the pros and cons of peanuts and how buying them will impact your health, the environment, animals and laborers. 

Food is something we consume every day and if you’re like me, you do all the research you can to make sure you don’t hurt yourself, the planet, animals or others when shopping. As an ethical consumer myself, I am giving you all the info I’ve found on peanut benefits and side effects.

You are going to learn all about peanut benefits and side effects such as peanut health benefits and/or risks, peanut water footprint and/or peanut carbon footprint, peanut sustainability, if peanuts are vegan, and more. 

After learning if peanuts are good or bad for you, the environment, animals and human rights, you will be prepared to make the best choices you can the next time you buy food.

This post is all about peanut benefits and side effects that every ethical consumer should know.

Must-Know Peanut Benefits And Side Effects

Health

Peanut benefits for health may include:

Peanut side effects may include:

Peanuts are…

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Environment

Water footprint: moderate, it takes 2,782 liters of water to produce 1 kilogram of groundnuts in the shell / 333 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of groundnuts in the shell | moderate, it takes 3,974 liters of water to produce 1 kilogram of shelled groundnuts / 476 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of shelled groundnuts

Carbon footprint: low, 0.57 kg CO2e to produce 1 kilogram or 2.2 pounds of fresh peanuts, a car driving equivalent of 1.5 miles or 2.5 kilometers

Destruction: low, peanut production is relatively sustainable, there is no known significant damage to air, water, land, soil, forests, etc. as long as pesticides have not been used, be sure to buy Non-GMO/organic, as toxic, chemical pesticides contaminate air, water, soil, etc., peanuts naturally replenish the soil with nitrogen, an essential nutrient for plant growth

Peanuts are…

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Animals

Kills: none, peanut production does not require any animals to be killed

Harms: none, peanut production does not require any animals to be used

Indirectly kills or harms: none, no animals are indirectly killed or harmed from peanut production as long as toxic chemicals have not been used, be sure to buy Non-GMO/organic, as pesticides harm and kill wildlife and ecosystems by contaminating soil, water, air and plants that animals eat

Peanuts are…

Laborers

Health and safety: varies, overall, agriculture continues to be one of the most dangerous industries, farmworkers may be subject to dehydration, heat stroke, unprotected exposure to harmful, toxic chemicals and pesticides, unsafe machinery and clean drinking water may not always accessible

Living conditions: varies, laborers are often exploited, they may face tough working conditions including long hours in the sun and heat performing physically exhausting tasks, labor laws and rights may or may not be in place, even if worker protection exists, employer violations may go unreported, refugees and migrant workers are especially vulnerable to abuse and mistreatment, fearing consequences of job loss or deportation

Wages: varies, generally farmworkers earn meager wages, there are many cases of underpaid agricultural workers, wage theft and no overtime payment or benefits

Peanuts…

India and China together account for more than half of the world’s peanut production.

In the United States peanuts are produced in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas Virginia and North Carolina.

Yes! Peanuts are an excellent source of protein and high in various vitamins, minerals and plant compounds.

Other names for peanuts are groundnuts, earthnuts and goobers.

peanuts are acidic.

acidic foods and alkaline diet benefits that improve ph levels

Are peanuts alkaline or acidic?

Peanuts are acidic. Although most plant based foods are alkaline, peanuts and peanut products are acidic. Some nuts like hazelnuts and walnuts are acidic, while others like almonds and chestnuts have an alkaline pH level.

When you eat food, it breaks down to an ash residue that can be neutral, acidic or alkaline. Minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc, silver, copper and iron produce an alkaline ash; whereas sulfur, phosphorus, chlorine and iodine, which are in meat, coffee, dairy and alcohol, leave an acid ash.

Going alkaline easier than ever with this: Acidic and Alkaline Foods List

peanuts are gluten free.

glutinous foods have side effects but a gluten free diet can help

Are peanuts gluten free?

Yes, peanuts are gluten free. Peanuts do not contain gluten. Peanuts are a type of ground nut, therefore making it a naturally gluten free food.

While celiac disease may not be as rampant as many marketing trends lead us to believe, you may have a gluten sensitivity…

Celiac and gluten sensitivity symptoms are similar and may include:

There are hundreds of potential symptoms, many of which are also symptoms of other conditions.

Going gluten-free easier than ever with this: Gluten and Gluten Free Foods List

peanuts are a common food allergen.

side effects of common food allergens like milk, wheat, soy, fish, tree nuts, peanuts, eggs and crustaceans

Are peanuts a common food allergen?

Yes, peanuts are a common food allergen. Many people experience allergic reactions to peanuts.

A group of the eight major allergenic foods, AKA the Big-8, include:

Severe food allergies can be life threatening. Following ingestion of a food allergen, a person with food allergies can experience a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis.

Persons may still be allergic to and have serious reactions to foods other than the eight foods identified by the law.

Be aware of common dietary restrictions and food allergens with this: The Big 8 Most Common Food Allergens List

peanuts are a low-fodmap food.

fodmap friendly food

Are peanuts FODMAP friendly?

Yes. Peanuts are a low-FODMAP food and fit into a low-FODMAP diet. 

A low FODMAP diet may help those with bloating, gas, constipation, diarrhea, stomach pain, and IBS (irritable bowel syndrome).

It’s all about knowing your body. Observe what works and what doesn’t. You body might even react negatively to a low-FODMAP food simply due to intolerance. Everyone is different! Be mindful and patient. Take time to get to know what’s best for your physical health and overall wellbeing.

See this High-FODMAP and Low-FODMAP List of Food

peanuts have a moderate water footprint.

water footprints of food and products

Do peanuts have a high or low water footprint?

Peanuts have a relatively moderate water footprint compared to other foods.

What is the water footprint of peanuts?

It takes 2,782 liters of water to produce 1 kilogram of groundnuts in the shell / 333 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of groundnuts in the shell | 3,974 liters of water to produce 1 kilogram of shelled groundnuts / 476 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of shelled groundnuts.

Did you know that water is a finite, non-renewable resource? Once it’s gone, it’s gone!

How much water does it take to produce an apple? A serving of rice? A steak dinner?

We need to be aware of something referred to as a “water footprint”. That is, the amount of fresh water utilized in the production or supply of goods we consume. As it turns out it takes significantly more water to yield foods that come from animals than foods that come from plants. Imagine how much water a cow needs to consume to generate a piece of beef. Not only how much water a single cow drinks, rather all the water that went into producing the crops that the cow ate.

Find out how much water your food consumes with this: Water Footprints of Foods and Ingredients List

peanuts have a low carbon footprint.

carbon footprints of food and food emissions

Do peanuts have a high or low carbon footprint?

Peanuts have a relatively low carbon footprint compared to other foods.

What is the carbon footprint of peanuts?

It takes around 0.57 kg CO2e to produce 1 kilogram or 2.2 pounds of fresh peanuts, a car driving equivalent of 1.5 miles or 2.5 kilometers.

Food not only has a water footprint but also a carbon footprint, known as CO2e, which stands for carbon dioxide equivalent. Since carbon measurements are a bit more difficult to comprehend, it is common to equate CO2e to the distance which a car drives in miles or kilometers.

When calculating carbon emissions, some factors may include…

But that’s not all!

It’s best to keep the following in mind when grocery shopping:

Find out how much carbon your food emits with this: Carbon Footprints of Foods and Ingredients List

peanuts are sustainable.

sustainable shopping, for eco friendly brands and products good for the environment

Overall, are peanuts eco friendly? Are peanuts sustainable?

Peanut production is relatively sustainable since there is no known significant damage to air, water, land, soil, forests, etc. as long as pesticides have not been used. Be sure to buy non GMO/organic, as toxic, chemical pesticides contaminate air, water, soil, etc. when using regenerative practices.

A 2018 Oxford University study – which is the most comprehensive analysis to date of the damage farming does to the planet – found that ‘avoiding meat and dairy is the single biggest way to reduce your impact on Earth’ as animal farming provides just 18% of calories but takes up 83% of our farmland.

Consuming animal products and byproducts is not environmentally friendly and is one of the worst things for the Earth. Not only is meat production wasteful, it causes enormous amounts of pollution. The industry is one of the biggest causes of climate change.

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peanuts are vegan.

benefits of vegan food to eat on a vegan diet which helps save animals

Are peanuts vegan?

Yes, peanuts are vegan. Peanuts are legumes and not an animal product or byproduct, therefore making it a vegan food.

According to Sentient Media, “more than 200 million land animals are killed for food around the world every day. Including wild-caught and farmed fishes, we get a total closer to 3 billion animals killed daily.”

Animals of factory farming are suffering. They live in horrific conditions that often include confinement, physical abuse and unnatural environments…so much so that they need to receive antibiotics to keep from getting ill or spreading disease. Growth hormones allow all kinds of animals to become fatter faster and live short lives.

Because we cannot see for ourselves how these animals live and what they endure does not mean it isn’t happening. The meat, poultry and dairy industries do everything they can to distance us from knowing how our food comes to be in order to keep us in the dark about what we support each time we buy animal derived products and byproducts.

Go vegan for animals!

It’s the best way to help animals and it’s not as difficult as you may think. Speak for animals with your actions, for they cannot speak at all.

Going vegan is easier than ever, at a glance with this: Vegan and Non-Vegan Foods List

peanuts may have labor issues and human rights concerns.

benefits of buying fair trade, labor rights, human rights and workers rights issues

Are peanuts a product with labor concerns?

At this time there have been no major concerns with peanut production but that doesn’t mean it isn’t happening!

It’s important to stay aware of human rights concerns and worker exploitation that may come with specific brands.

Did you know the single largest employer in the world is agriculture? The labor involved behind each and every product cannot go unrecognized.

Some known problems include workplace health and safety, child labor, gender inequality, inadequate pay, wage theft and exploitation. Workers can even experience harassment, humiliation and violence and unfair employers often fail to provide laborers with access to shade, drinking water, restrooms and breaks.

Such mistreatment is like modern day slavery. Workers are often afraid to report issues because they fear it will result in losing their jobs or deportation.

Fair trade organizations fight to ensure better social, environmental and economic standards.

We can improve people’s lives with foods we eat every day simply by buying products that are certified fair trade.

This post was all about peanut benefits and side effects.

Sources:

Peanuts, all types, raw – FoodData Central

Nuts, Peanuts, and Seeds – National Agricultural Library – USDA

Shelled Runner Type Peanuts Grades and Standards

Adriane Marie

Grocery Guru, Material Maven, Conscious Consumer Connoisseur. I organize ethical info for us to comprehensively see how purchases impact people, animals and the planet. I hope you find HEALabel helpful! Use it for personal and global improvement and empowerment.

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